Socialism has been so mis-defined and wrongly understood in the modern era, so I stick to marx when telling me about what socialism is. Sure, welfare is present in every society, but it's not a uniquely socialist thing. Welfare was in Nazi Germany as a means to serve the nation, the intent is what matters here, and the intent in the modern day is usually used as a means to preserve capital. Throughout the entire 19th and beginning periods of the 20th Century, Russia was EXTREMELY far behind other world powers, in fact, they were still mostly agrarian with a weird feudal economic system, where even though the serfs were "free" the aristocratic land owning still kept the property and thus keeping them in that feudal system. The Series Five year plans is what really catapulted Soviet Russia into industrialization in the modern world. Sure, they may have initiated it, but they still toiled in feudalistic garbage for the next 100 years, so they weren't particularly effective at bringing about change. This is such a cop out argument. The Capitalist state is wholly one entrenched with corruption and bribery. The Business elite controls the political elite through money and economic control. The Capitalist class requires the state to function insofar as to protect capital. Even then, using this extremely stringent view of capitalism, we can trace MILLIONS of deaths through starvation, thirst, bad working conditions, and if you wanna stretch it, alienation, so even on that front, capitalism is responsible for millions more deaths than socialism could ever have caused.